5: Graduate School of Arts and Sciences

General Information | Programs and Degrees Offered | Admission Information
Financial Assistance | Graduate Academic Regulations
Requirements for Specific Graduate Degrees | Departments and Programs | Faculty

Department of English Language and Literature
Course Descriptions | Departmental Degree Requirements

Creative Writing | Medieval Languages and Literature | The Renaissance in England
Restoration and Eighteenth-Century Literature | Nineteenth-Century Literature
American Literature to 1900 | British and American Literature of the Twentieth-Century | Genre Studies
Criticism and Theory | Special Topics | Language Study | Pedagogy | Miscellaneous English

Course Descriptions

Certain graduate courses are offered in alternative years or are temporarily suspended when the instructor is on leave of absence or for other reasons. The program of course offerings is available in early May, on application to the Department. With the permission of the Director of Graduate Studies, courses offered by other departments may be allowed toward an advanced degree in English.

Prerequisite to courses numbered 801 to 899: the bachelor's degree, with a major in English or its equivalent of 24 credits of English courses above the required level. Prerequisite to courses numbered 901 to 999: the M.A. degree in English, or the permission of the instructor and the Director of Graduate Studies.

Creative Writing

ENWR 531, 532 - (3) (Y)
Poetry Writing
Limited enrollment: Permission of instructor required before registration. Students should submit an example of their writing well in advance of the first class meeting
Intensive work in the writing of poetry, for students with prior experience.

ENWR 541, 542 - (3) (SI)
Limited enrollment: Permission of instructor required before registration. 541 is prerequisite for 542
Intensive study of one-act plays by such masters as Chekhov, Pirandello, Synge, with particular attention to character and context and to scene construction. Each student writes two one-act plays.

ENWR 551, 552 - (3) (Y)
Advanced Fiction Writing
Limited enrollment: Permission of instructor required before registration. Students should submit an example of their fiction well in advance of the first class
For short story writers. Student manuscripts are discussed in individual conference and in class.

ENWR 561 - (3) (Y)
Suitable for graduates and undergraduates; explains film, television and radio production values with exercises in the grammar, composition and writing of screenplays, radio drama, literary adaptation, documentaries and docudrama.

ENWR 731, 732 - (3) (Y)
Advanced Poetry Writing
Graduate-level poetry writing workshop. For advanced writing students. A weekly 2 1/2 hour workshop session consisting of group discussion of student poems.

ENWR 751, 752 - (3) (Y)
Fiction Writing
Limited enrollment: Permission of instructor required before registration. 751 is prerequisite for 752
A course devoted to the writing of prose fiction, especially the short story. Student work is discussed in class and in individual conferences. Parallel reading in the work of modern novelists and short story writers is required.

ENWR 801 - (3) (Y)
Independent Writing Project
Prerequisite: Permission of the chairman
Intended for graduate students who wish to do work on a creative writing project other than the thesis for the Master of Fine Arts degree under the direction of a faculty member.

ENWR 891, 892 - (3) (Y)
Creative Writing
Limited enrollment: Permission of instructor required before registration.
Workshop instruction devoted in different terms to poetry, fiction, drama, or other forms, depending on the instructor.

ENWR 895, 896 - (3) (Y)
MFA Thesis
The project must comprise a substantial body of original writing -- 80 pages of fiction (one long or two or three short stories), a full-length play or two one act plays, or a collection of poems (approximately 48 pages). And it must, in the opinion of the faculty, be of publishable quality, comparable to the literature taught in other courses offered by the department.

ENWR 991 - (3-12) (S)
Research in Creative Writing
Research in creative writing for MFA students.

Medieval Languages and Literature

ENMD 501 - (3) (Y)
Introduction to Old English
Language and literature of Anglo-Saxon England.

ENMD 505, 506 - (3) (E)
Old Icelandic
An introduction to the language and literature of medieval Scandinavia; readings from the Poetic Edda and the sagas.

ENMD 507 - (3) (SI)
Introduction to Old Irish
Prerequisite: Knowledge of a classical or Celtic language or permission of instructor
Instruction in the Irish of ca. 800; readings from the Tain.

ENMD 508 - (3) (SI)
Introduction to Middle Welsh
Prerequisite: Knowledge of a classical or Celtic language or permission of instructor
Instruction in medieval literary Welsh; readings from the Mabinogion.

ENMD 511, 512 - (3) (SI)
Old Irish Literature
The reading of Old-Irish texts in the original language, with attention to linguistic, textual, and critical problems; an introduction to theory and method in Celtic scholarship.

ENMD 516, 517 - (3) (SI)
Early Irish and Welsh Literature
A survey of the Celtic literatures from c. 600 to 1600, based on texts in translation. First semester: heroic and mythological literature; second semester: Irish pseudo-history, the Welsh Mabinogion, and Celtic contributions to the Arthurian cycle.

ENMD 520 - (3) (SI)
A reading of the poem, emphasizing critical methods and exploring its relations to the culture of Anglo-Saxon England. Readings in translation include Old Norse Prose Edda and Grettrissage and Bede's Historia.

ENMD 812 - (3) (SI)
Fourteenth-Century Literature
Prerequisite: A course in Chaucer, or permission of instructor
A survey of the major writers and genres, excluding Chaucer.

ENMD 813 - (3) (SI)
Medieval Transitions to the Renaissance
English and Scottish literature from the death of Chaucer to Tottel's Miscellany (1400-1557).

ENMD 825 - (3) (SI)
Chaucer I
A study of The Canterbury Tales and their backgrounds.

ENMD 826 - (3) (SI)
Chaucer II
Troilus and Criseyde, the early poems, and their courtly background.

ENMD 840 - (3) (SI)
Medieval and Early Tudor Drama
Prerequisite: Some previous work in Middle English (such as a course in Chaucer)
An intensive study of selected plays within the liturgical, cyclical, and moral traditions of the English drama from its Latin beginnings to the early Renaissance.

ENMD 850 - (3) (SI)
Medieval Romance
A study of Middle English and Continental romance.

ENMD 881 - (3) (Y)
Backgrounds to Medieval Literature I
A study of the renaissance of the twelfth century, with special attention to its literary, philosophic, and theological foundations.

ENMD 883 - (3) (SI)
Prolegomena to Medieval Literary Research
An introduction to research tools and methods for the student of medieval literature.

ENMD 905 - (3) (SI)
Studies in Early English Philology
Prerequisite: ENMD 501 or equivalent
A study of the developing structure of Old and Middle English with special attention to syntax and dialectology. English paleography of the period 900-1500 will be taught.

ENMD 922 - (3) (SI)
Piers Plowman
An intensive study of the poem and its cultural tradition.

ENMD 924 - (3) (Y)
Studies in Chaucer
A critical study of Chaucer's narrative art, including questions of genre, relationship of narrator to audience, techniques of characterization, and the use of sources.

ENMD 965 - (3) (SI)
Medieval and Renaissance Narrative: Forms and Theory
A theoretical and historical exploration of Medieval and Renaissance narrative. Readings may include selections from the works of Chrétien de Troyes, Marie de France, Boccaccio, Chaucer, Malory, Sidney, Spenser, Cervantes.

ENMD 980 - (3) (SI)
Studies in Celtic Literature
Advanced work in early Irish or Welsh literature.

ENMD 981 - (3) (Y)
Studies in Old English I
A recent topic was the Vercelli Book.

ENMD 983, 984 - (3) (SI)
Studies in Middle English I, II
Topics in recent years have included the Gawain-poet and John Gower.

ENMD 991, 992 - (3) (Y)
Research in Medieval Studies

The Renaissance in England

ENRN 811 - (3) (Y)
Renaissance Poetry
The theory and practice of lyric and epic poetry in sixteenth-century England, with some brief glances at other forms: romance, epyllion, and verse essay.

ENRN 812 - (3) (Y)
Early Seventeenth-Century Poetry
An intensive study of style and tone in the poetry of Donne, Jonson, Herbert, and Marvell, with some consideration of poems by Crashaw, Vaughan, and the cavaliers.

ENRN 820 - (3) (Y)
The Faerie Queene and the minor poems.

ENRN 821, 822 - (3) (Y)
Studies in Shakespeare I, II
Topics vary from a detailed study of single plays or The Sonnets to generic considerations of the histories, or the comedies and romances.

ENRN 827 - (3) (Y)
An intensive study of Paradise Lost and Samson Agonistes .

ENRN 840 - (3) (E)
Elizabethan Drama 1585-1642
A survey of English drama (exclusive of Shakespeare) from Kyd and Marlowe to Shirley.

ENRN 870 - (3) (Y)
Renaissance Prose
A survey of rhetorical projects and postures from humanist advocacy to the anti-rhetorical pose of Montaigne; we will also consider the development of English prose style from the early Tudor period to the era of Milton. Authors to be sampled and/or studied: Erasmus, More, Castiglione, Montaigne, Sidney, Nashe, Jonson, Bacon, Browne, Milton.

ENRN 881 - (3) (Y)
The Idea of the Renaissance
Neoplatonists, Protestants, skeptics, empiricists, princes, pedagogues, painters, poets: this course explores Renaissance culture in search of an idea of the period both descriptive and explanatory.

ENRN 920 - (3) (Y)
Studies the later plays of Shakespeare, including problem comedies, late tragedies, and last plays. Some attempt is made to describe the characteristics of the plays as a group, but the emphasis is on criticism of the individual plays.

ENRN 924 - (3) (E)
The Faerie Queene and the minor poems.

ENRN 926 - (3) (E)
Jonson's plays, masques, and poems as they reveal his mind and art.

ENRN 927 - (3) (Y)
Selected topics in the poetry and prose.

ENRN 940 - (3) (E)
Studies in Renaissance Drama
Topics vary from year to year.

ENRN 981 - (3) (E)
Renaissance Non-Dramatic Literature
Topic varies from year to year.

ENRN 983 - (3) (Y)
Studies in Early Seventeenth-Century Literature
Donne and Herbert's thought and expression. Attention is given to the relationship between their prose and poems.

ENRN 985, 986 - (3) (Y)
Studies in Renaissance Literature
Topic varies from year to year.

ENRN 991, 992 - (3) (Y)
Research in the Renaissance

Restoration and Eighteenth-Century Literature

ENEC 810 - (3) (Y)
The Age of Dryden
Special attention to Marvell, Dryden, Congreve, and Pepys.

ENEC 811 - (3) (Y)
The Augustan Age
The literature of the early eighteenth century, especially the works of Swift and Pope, but with attention as well to Defoe, Addison and Steele, Gay, and Fielding.

ENEC 812 - (3) (E)
The Age of Sensibility
Basically a survey course with a good deal of (mostly prose) reading. Johnson is read extensively as a central figure; Boswell, Goldsmith, and Sterne as writers influenced by new currents of thought and feeling. Three writers of intellectual prose are studied: Hume, Gibbon, and Burke. Several poets are studied briefly, Burns at greater length.

ENEC 840 - (3) (E)
English Drama, 1660-1800
Special emphasis on Etherege, Dryden, Wycherly, Congreve, and Fielding. Attention to the evolution of various dramatic forms, close reading of major plays, stage history, and the influence of politics and social change on the drama.

ENEC 850 - (3) (Y)
English Novel I
The novel in the eighteenth century, including works by Defoe, Richardson, Fielding, Burney, Sterne, and Austen.

ENEC 882 - (3) (E)
From Classic to Romantic
A study of the literary changes in style and structure from 1660 to 1830. Readings include considerable poetry, fiction, and criticism.

ENEC 950 - (3) (E)
Eighteenth-Century Novel
A study of the various kinds of eighteenth-century novels and the twentieth-century theories used to interpret them. Novelists studied include Defoe, Fielding, Godwin, Radcliffe, Richardson, Smollett, Sterne, and Walpole.

ENEC 981, 982 - (3) (Y)
Eighteenth-Century Studies I, II
Topics vary from a focus on groups of writers, e.g., Johnson and Goldsmith, to a study of theories of art and order in the period.

ENEC 983, 984 - (3) (E)
Studies in the Restoration and the Early Eighteenth Century
Intensive study of a major writer, selected in different years from Dryden, Swift, Pope, or Johnson.

ENEC 991, 992 - (3) (Y)
Research in Restoration and Eighteenth-Century Literature

Nineteenth-Century Literature

ENNC 811 - (3) (Y)
The Romantic Period I
Poetry and prose of Blake, Wordsworth, and Coleridge.

ENNC 812 - (3) (Y)
The Romantic Period II
Poetry and prose of Byron, Shelley, and Keats.

ENNC 813 - (3) (Y)
The Victorian Period I
Victorian poetry: A critical survey of the major works of Tennyson, Arnold, the Pre-Raphaelites, and Swinburne.

ENNC 814 - (3) (Y)
The Victorian Period II
A critical survey of selected works in poetry and fiction of Robert Browning, George Meredith, Edward Fitzgerald, Thomas Hardy, and Gerard Manley Hopkins. This course gives particular attention to developments in ideas, form, and literary theory of the Victorian period as reflected by these authors.

ENNC 831 - (3) (IR)
Victorian Intellectual Prose
Survey of the writings of Carlyle, Mill, Macauley, Newman, Arnold, Ruskin, Pater, and Wilde.

ENNC 851 - (3) (Y)
The English Novel II
Novelists studied include Dickens, Eliot, the Brontës, and Hardy.

ENNC 852 - (3) (IR)
The Late Victorian Novel 1850-1914
Critical discussion of selected novels of the period.

ENNC 881 - (3) (IR)
Currents in English and Continental Romanticism
English Romanticism and its European context.

ENNC 883 - (3) (IR)
Topics in Nineteenth-Century Literature
Topic varies from year to year.

ENNC 950 - (3) (IR)
Studies in Nineteenth-Century Fiction
A study of topics in the relation between novelistic techniques and the history of ideas. Works will include continental as well as English novels.

ENNC 981, 982 - (3) (IR)
Studies in Romanticism I, II
Intensive study of one or two writers, e.g., Blake and Wordsworth, Keats and Byron.

ENNC 983, 984 - (3) (IR)
Studies in Victorian Literature I, II
Topics vary from a focus on major writers, e.g., Browning and Arnold, to a consideration of the aesthetic movement and its influence.

ENNC 985, 986 - (3) (IR)
Nineteenth-Century Studies I, II
Topics in different years include Victorian discursive prose and intensive study of Shelley and Tennyson.

ENNC 991, 992 - (3) (IR)
Research in Nineteenth-Century Literature

American Literature to 1900

ENAM 810 - (3) (IR)
Early American Literature
A survey of American literature to 1840 designed to introduce the literature of the Colonial and early National periods, and examine the intellectual and literary backgrounds of nineteenth-century American literature.

ENAM 815 - (3) (IR)
American Romanticism
A study of romantic thought and art in the nineteenth century.

ENAM 824 - (3) (IR)
Major American Authors
A study of the work of one or two major writers within a precise historical context. A recent pair was Hawthorne and Melville.

ENAM 830 - (3) (IR)
American Poetry of the Nineteenth Century
Selected poets of the century, their media, their audiences, and their reputations. Coverage will be broad, with some emphasis on Bryant, Longfellow, Lowell, Emerson, Whitman, Dickinson, and Crane.

ENAM 836 - (3) (IR)
African-American Poetry
Studies in African-American poetry from the eighteenth-century to the present. Poets include Phyllis Wheatley, Paul Laurence Dunbar, Gwendolyn Brooks, Robert Hayden, Jay Wright, Amiri Baraka, Michael Harper, Audre Lorde, and Rita Dove.

ENAM 853 - (3) (IR)
Nineteenth-Century Fiction
Form and technique in the American novel to 1900.

ENAM 854 - (3) (IR)
Studies in American Fiction
Writings of major authors approached through the consideration of such specific topics as historical romance, Gothic romance, and American mythmaking.

ENAM 871 - (3) (IR)
Narrative Prose in America
A study of non-fictional prose concentrating on such writers as Bradford, Mather, Prescott, Parkman, Thoreau, Henry Adams, Garrett Mattingly, and Norman Mailer.

ENAM 885 - (3) (IR)
American Folklore
Problems of definition, origin, collection, and analysis of the main genres of folklore in America, both narratives and songs. Cross-listed as ANTH 732.

ENAM 888 - (3) (IR)
Literature of the South
A survey of the literature of the American South from Thomas Jefferson's Notes on the State of Virginia to such contemporary writers as William Styron and Walter Percy.

ENAM 910 - (3) (IR)
Early American Literature
Advanced work in Early American literature.

ENAM 980 - (3) (IR)
Studies in African-American Literature
The topic, which is to focus on a single subject or problem in the different genres of the literature, will vary -- e.g., the writer and audience, movements in the literature, an individual writer or group of writers, folk traditions and the literature and literary relations with writers in the U.S.A. or in other countries.

ENAM 981, 982 - (3) (Y)
Seminar in American Literature I, II
Topics range from the colonial period to the cultural influence of pragmatism.

ENAM 991, 992 - (3) (Y)
Research in American Literature

British and American Literature of the Twentieth Century

ENTC 531 - (3) (E)
The Existential Quest in the Modern Novel
This course traces central ideas of existential thought from Kierkegaard to Camus and examines their relationship to modern narrative forms and themes from Dostoevsky to Beckett. The focus will be on problems of "self" and "authenticity" and their connections to questions of narrative genre. In addition to the authors mentioned above, readings will include works by Tolstoy, Rilke, Gide, Kafka, D.H. Lawrence, and Sartre.

ENTC 811 - (3) (Y)
American Literature 1912-1929
The establishment of literary modernism in the United States, with particular attention to the masterworks, in various genres, of the 1920s.

ENTC 815 - (3) (Y)
Literature of the Americas
A comparative study of major fiction writers of North, Central, and South America in the past 40 years.

ENTC 816 - (3) (Y)
Contemporary American Writers
We will study the resurgence of American Romanticism that begins in about 1958 and extends into the 70s. Writers considered will include Mailer, Baldwin, Bellow, Dickey, Ashbery, Kesey, Michael Herr, and Shange.

ENTC 830 - (3) (Y)
American Poetry of the Twentieth Century
A historical survey of major figures and movements from Frost and Pound to Roethke, Bishop, and Lowell.

ENTC 831 - (3) (Y)
British Poetry of the Twentieth Century
Studies in the twentieth-century sensibility: distortions and other tensions in the imaginative worlds of Hopkins, Yeats, Eliot, and Auden.

ENTC 833 - (3) (E)
Contemporary American Poetry
Selected poets from the 1940s to the present, including Lowell, Jarrell, Plath, Ginsberg, and others.

ENTC 840 - (3) (Y)
Drama of the Twentieth Century
Concentration of the plays of Lorca, Giraudoux, Brecht, Durrenmatt, Ionesco, and Pinter; but with some attention to Anouilh, Frisch, Weiss, Grass, Genet, Beckett, and Ghelderode.

ENTC 850 - (3) (Y)
Twentieth-Century Fiction
A study of British, American, and Continental masterpieces, with attention to the new ideas and forms in twentieth-century fiction. Writers include Proust, Joyce, Mann, Lawrence, Faulkner, Kafka, Gide, Beckett.

ENTC 851 - (3) (E)
Twentieth-Century American Fiction
Emphasis varies, depending on the instructor, from earlier to later writers in the century.

ENTC 852 - (3) (E)
The British Novel in the Twentieth Century
Studies of major novels from James to the present with emphasis on James, Conrad, Joyce, Lawrence, Forster, Woolf, and Beckett.

ENTC 853 - (3) (E)
Major Modern Novelists
A study of several works by a few modern novelists, such as Lawrence, Woolf, Mann, and Beckett.

ENTC 854 - (3) (Y)
Novels by Caribbean Women
A study of Caribbean women's narratives about women in the context of post-Negritude struggles for collective and individual identity. Starting from a presentation of the historical and literary significance of Negritude and Antillanite, the course explores the post-modern, post-colonial, and feminist aesthetics of the narratives and their relations to current issues within Caribbean and feminist discourses.

ENTC 855 - (3) (E)
Post-World War II American Fiction
A survey of the chief thematic and stylistic trends in American fiction since 1945. Included will be works by the major writers of the period -- Barth, Ellison, Hawkes, Mailer, Nabokov, O'Connor, Pynchon, Wright, and others.

ENTC 856 - (3) (E)
Problems in Post-Modern Fiction
A study of the theory and practice (chiefly the latter) of post-modern fiction, comparative and international in scope, including such theorists as Todorov, Barthes, and Sontag; and such authors of fiction as Calvino, Coover, Butor, Pynchon, Kundera, Hawkes, Berger, Coetzee, Eco, with the likes of Kafka and Borges as background.

ENTC 857 - (3) (E)
African-American Fiction
A study of the African-American novel from William Wells Brown to Toni Morrison, including Jean Toomer, Richard Wright, Ralph Ellison, among others.

ENTC 881 - (3) (IR)
Afro-American Literature
A study of the twentieth-century Afro-American fiction writer's quest for voice and form -- e.g., how the writer invents a new kind of English or how his or her synthesis of elements of the parent dialect becomes a medium for fiction; and how the texture of the writer's language either reinvigorates or redefines the novel as a genre. The course will begin with Charles W. Chestnutt's The Conjure Woman (1899), end with Alice Walker's The Color Purple (1982), and include novels by Ralph Ellison, James Baldwin, Ishmael Reed, Toni Morrison, Ernest Gaines, and others.

ENTC 886 - (3) (IR)
The Harlem Renaissance: Afro-American Writing Between the Wars
Examines the cultural and artistic history of the period. Why was it called a "renaissance"? Was Harlem a geographic or imaginative world? The framing of documents of the period will be discussed (Alain Locke's The New Negro, Hughes' "The Negro and the Racial Mountain," and Wright's "Blueprint for Negro Writing," most especially). Includes works of the major authors (Toomer, Hughes, Hurston, Brown, Wright, and McKay) and the major themes ("the new negro," the "folk," the idealization of Africa, the sense of the "Jazz Age" -- as viewed from within the music).

ENTC 930 - (3) (E)
Contemporary American Poetry
Concentrates on American experimental writing in the 70s and 80s. After an initial set of inquiries into important influences (Stein, Zukofsky, Cage, and New American Poetry, and Ashberry), course moves into a study of various contemporary writers, including Coolidge, Hejinian, Berstein, Stilliman, Bromige, Palmer, Howe, Robinson, Armentrout.

ENTC 941, 942 - (3) (E)
Seminar in Modern Drama I, II

ENTC 951, 952 - (3) (E)
Seminar in Modern Fiction I, II
British, American, and Continental novels from Bloomsbury to Beckett.

ENTC 955 - (3) (O)
Novels by African-American Women
A survey of novels by African-American women and their relation to central issues within both feminist inquiry and current critical discourse more widely. Course questions the problematics of race and gender as categories of literary study; the politics of reception and interpretation; contingencies of literary evaluation, and the construction and function of literary canons.

ENTC 981, 982 - (3) (Y)
Studies in Twentieth-Century Literature I, II
Recent topics have been T.S. Elliott and Lawrence, Yeats and the Irish Renaissance, Auden, British literature of the thirties, Pound, Stevens, Williams, and Faulkmer.

ENTC 985, 986 - (3) (E)
Seminar in Comparative Literature I, II
Recent topics have been the poetry of Rilke, Valery, and Stevens and the literature of the Spanish Civil War.

ENTC 991, 992 - (3) (Y)
Research in Twentieth-Century Literature

Genre Studies

ENGN 831 - (3) (SI)
The Lyric Genre
A survey of English lyric poems from Chaucer to Auden, designed to isolate what is lyrical (i.e., unprosaic, musical, aesthetic, reflexive, egotistical, or sublime) in this body of literature.

ENGN 840 - (3) (SI)
Drama From 1660 to the Late Nineteenth Century
Drama in England from Dryden and Congreve to Wilde and Shaw.

ENGN 845 - (3) (SI)
Studies in Tragedy
A thematic inquiry into the idea of tragedy, with readings in classical, continental, and English drama, and some attention to the most significant criticism.

ENGN 850 - (3) (Y)
Medieval and Renaissance Romance
Prerequisite: Familiarity with Middle English desired
Readings, Sir Gawain and the Green Knight; Troilus and Criseyde (and possibly "The Knight's Tale" and "The Franklin's Tale"); Malory's Morte D'Arthur ; Books I and VI of "The Faerie Queene", Sidney's New Arcadia and The Tempest. Exploration of narrative strategies and themes characteristic of romance leads us to a consideration of inter alia, the relationship between romance and such other literary modes as epic, allegory and pastoral; the self-interpretative tendencies of these texts and the tensions between the various kinds of solas and sentence they offer the reader; the problems of achieving satisfactory narrative -- and didactic -- closure in a "wondering" and dilatory mode.

ENGN 881 - (3) (IR)
Reason and Sensibility in the Novel
First of four semester courses, each of which may be taken independently, surveying major issues and terms in the generic history of the novel. Emphasis is on the relation between the principal aesthetic and intellectual concerns of the period ca. 1750-1820 and the development of novelistic forms and techniques. Texts are drawn from both English and continental fiction. Authors include Diderot, Goethe, Richardson, Scott, and Sterne.

ENGN 882 - (3) (IR)
Authors to be studied include Stendhal, Balzac, Dickens, Flaubert, Dostoevsky, and Tolstoy.

ENGN 883 - (3) (IR)
Naturalism and the Early Modern
Authors to be studied include Hardy, Zola, Chekhov, Mann, Proust, and D.H. Lawrence.

ENGN 884 - (3) (IR)
Elaborations of the Modern
Authors studied include Breton, Faulkner, Malraux, Mann, Svevo, and Woolf.

ENGN 981, 982 - (3) (SI)
Seminar in Literary Genres I, II
Topics range from a consideration of comedy as an art form to a study of various approaches to the novel.

Criticism and Theory

ENCR 801 - (3) (Y)
Introduction to Literary Research
A practical introduction to the research resources of the University of Virginia and the needs and opportunities for their use. Students are introduced to the library and its holdings through a series of practical problems drawn from a wide range of literary subjects and periods. The course is required of all degree candidates in the M.A. and Ph.D. programs.

ENCR 860 - (3) (Y)
Criticism in Theory and Practice
Studies in critical theories and the kinds of practical criticism to which they lead.

ENCR 861 - (3) (Y)
Major Schools of Modern Criticism
A study of modern English, American, and continental critical movements, with concentration on such critics and theoreticians as Bergson, Croce, Eliot, Richards, Frye, Ransom, Trilling, and the French phenomenologists.

ENCR 862 - (3) (Y)
Critical Theory Since Plato
A historical survey of major theories about the nature and function of literature from antiquity to the present.

ENCR 863 - (3) (Y)
Twentieth-Century Criticism
Topics in modern critical theory and practice.

ENCR 864 - (3) (E)
Psychoanalytic Criticism
The contribution of psychoanalysis (in the Freudian tradition) to several aspects of literary study -- interpretation, evaluation, critical theory, literary history, and pedagogy.

ENCR 865 - (3) (E)
Bibliography and Methods of Research
Introduction to the methods and materials of literary research -- textual, historical, critical, etc.

ENCR 866 - (3) (E)
Ancient Philosophy and Literary Criticism
Examines the origin of literary criticism in the context of classical philosophy. Beginning with Aristophanes' The Clouds, the ancient quarrel between poetry and philosophy is studied. Focus is on the question of why Aristotle felt compelled to "invent" literary criticism in response to Plato's critique of the arts. Among the topics to be covered are the hermeneutics of the Platonic dialogue and the foundation of the concept of genre.

ENCR 867 - (3) (E)
Feminist Criticism
An introduction to the varieties of feminist criticism practiced today, with reference to the already complex history of this field. Prominent examples of psychoanalytic, linguistic, Marxist, and historical modes of feminist criticism are explored. Students compare a number of opposing readings of particular texts, and, in a final essay, apply the methods of a critic or school of their choice.

ENCR 887 - (3) (Y)
Theories of Interpretation
Discussion of the question of whether texts have "determinate meaning," theories of Wittgenstein, Quine and Davidson on the nature of language, distinction between explanation in the natural sciences and interpretation in the human sciences, and problems of literary and legal interpretation.

ENCR 960 - (3) (Y)
Types of Critical Theory
A study of the theory and practice of literary history since 1800 with special attention to the interpretation of periods, genres, styles, etc. Attention is paid to modern literary historians.

ENCR 964 - (3) (E)
Current Issues in Theory of Language and Literature
A study of recent developments in linguistics, hermeneutics, and literary theory in relation to critical practice.

ENCR 965 - (3) (E)
Introduction to Textual Criticism and Bibliography for
the Literary Student
Principles of analytic bibliography and the solution of practical problems as they apply to literary texts. Studies in the transmission of texts in different periods ranging from Shakespeare and the Elizabethan dramatists to nineteenth-century American literature. Principles of critical editing.

ENCR 966 - (3) (SI)
Phenomenology and Literature
Prerequisite: An 800-level criticism course or the equivalent
A concentrated study of phenomenology's contribution to literary theory and critical practice. The seminar begins by examining the major presuppositions of phenomenology as a philosophical system. Investigates the consequences for aesthetics to which these assumptions lead. Central issues include the ontology of the literary work, the dynamics of the aesthetic experience, and the multivocity of interpretation.

ENCR 967 - (3) (E)
Psychoanalysis and Literature
Centers around the applicability of the insights of psychoanalysis to the study of literature. Attention is paid to the development of psychoanalytic thought from Freud to Lacan. Major texts by Freud, Rank, Jung, Fromm, Klein, Lichtenstein, Laing, Lacan, and Deleuze-Guattari are read and discussed. Special attention is given to the connections between psychoanalysis and aesthetics in the work of Sachs and Kris.

ENCR 981, 982 - (3) (Y)
Seminar in Critical Theory I, II
Topics will vary from year to year.

Special Topics

ENSP 511 - (3) (SI)
Folk Literature
A study of the international folktale and ballad, employing both field and library approaches.

ENSP 580 - (3) (SI)
Film Production Studies
Suitable for graduates and undergraduates; explains motion picture production in detail and includes assessment of role of film industry in modern society and its effect upon our literary and artistic values.

ENSP 581 - (3) (Y)
Film Aesthetics
A study of the motion picture as a work of art produced by cinematic skills and valued for what it is in itself. Emphasis is placed on the major theoretical works (Eisenstein, Pudovkin, Arnheim, Kracauer, Bazin) and on the analysis of individual films. Films are studied with particular reference to the techniques and methods that produce the "aesthetic effect" style, and to the problems of authorship arising out of considerations of style and aesthetic unity.

ENSP 582 - (3) (Y)
Nietzsche and Modern Thought
After close reading and discussion of seminal texts by Nietzsche, the transformation of Nietzsche's ideas will be followed in these authors: Shaw, Yeats, D.H. Lawrence, Gide, Malraux, Camus, Mann, Rilke, and Kafka.

ENSP 583 - (3) (Y)
Literature and the Film
A study of the relationship between the two media, with emphasis placed on the literary origins and backgrounds of film, verbal and visual languages, the problems of adaptation from novels and short story in the film. Seven to nine novels (or plays) to be read and analyzed with regard to film adaptations of these works. Film screenings two to two and one half hours per week outside of class.

ENSP 852 - (3) (Y)
Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Women Writers
A study of the works of George Eliot, Jane Austen, Charlotte Brontë, Emily Brontë, Emily Dickinson, Virginia Woolf, Doris Lessing, Willa Cather, Edith Wharton, and Sylvia Plath, and an investigation into feminist critical perspectives. Readings include four novelists and one poet from each of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, in order to establish both developments and interconnections in considerations of female authorship and recurrent themes in the works.

ENSP 870 - (3) (SI)
Special Topics in Pedagogy
Seminar in Pedagogy. Topics may vary from one course offering to the next.

ENSP 880 - (3) (SI)
Modern Poetry and Visual Art
An investigation of what painting, sculpture and architecture have meant to poets of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, with discussion of their poetry in relation to the aesthetics of the visual arts, art history, and art criticism. Readings from Keats, Rossetti, Gautier, Rilke, Stevens, Prevert, Quasimodo, Williams, Jarrell, Wilbur and others -- illuminating the experience of works by such artists as Donatello, Botticelli, Brueghel, Michelangelo, Delacroix, Degas, and Picasso. (Cross-listed with Art Department as ARTH 880.)

ENSP 882 - (3) (Y)
The Literary Use of the Bible
An introduction to the contents of Scripture. Topics include the saving history, the Mosaic Torah, The Biblical offices, the doctrine of the Word of God, and the nature of a canon.

ENSP 883 - (3) (SI)
The theory of a figurative mode and the place of allegory in literary history and in traditions of interpretation.

ENSP 955 - (3) (SI)
Society, Character, and Revolution in the Novel
A study of the alterations which traditional realistic assumptions undergo in the period 1870-1925. Special attention will be given to Hardy and Conrad.

ENSP 982 - (3) (Y)
Special Topics in Criticism
Seminar in Criticism. Topics may vary from one course offering to the next.

Language Study

ENLS 801 - (3) (SI)
Language, Linguistics, and Criticism
An exploration of the relationship between philosophy of language, linguistic theory, and literary criticism.

ENLS 805 - (3) (SI)
Language Change and Literary Study
An introduction to the study of change in English from Old English to the present, with emphasis upon the literary language.

ENLS 841 - (3) (SI)
Modern English Grammar
A survey of nineteenth- and twentieth-century linguistics, illustrating the major developments in the study of the English language from Rask to Chomsky and Lamb.


ENPG 570 - (3) (SI)
Teaching Film Literature
Lecture/seminar series on teaching practical film making: production, direction, camera techniques, research and scriptwriting; feature films, documentaries, and docudramas, educational and government film making; film acting the "star" system; theatrical and television comparative production, usage and distribution; societal and cultural significance and impact of film industry. Suitable for both future teachers and students of film. No previous knowledge of the subject necessary.

ENPG 812 - (3) (SI)
Teaching Medieval and Renaissance Literature
A survey of major works from the Middle Ages to the early eighteenth century. Discussion centers on problems of teaching these texts. Each member of the class is videotaped conducting a discussion.

ENPG 813 - (3) (SI)
Teaching Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-Century Literature
The movement from eighteenth-century to Romantic literary modes is studied in major texts in a number of genres, with special attention to theoretical and practical problems of teaching.

ENPG 829 - (3) (SI)
Shakespeare for Teacher and Critic
Discussions of the kinds of interpretation of eight to 10 major plays that can both illuminate the texts and form the basis of imaginative teaching in secondary school and college.

ENPG 847 - (3) (SI)
Black Literature for Teacher and Critic
A study of the contributions of Afro-American writers to American literary tradition and of the practical pedagogical challenges in teaching them.

ENPG 850 - (3) (SI)
Theories of Reading
A study of the theories of reading that can be applied to the teaching of literature to college students and other adults.

ENPG 851 - (3) (SI)
Teaching Fiction
A consideration of the relation between formal artistic values of fiction and the practical possibilities of teaching.

ENPG 862 - (3) (E)
The Teaching of Writing
A study of written communication in relation to cultural and transcultural universals. Attention is given to the teaching of discursive writing.

ENPG 865 - (3) (SI)
Reading Theory and Literary Interpretation
A consideration of the reading process, especially the achievement and improvement of adult reading skills, with emphasis on the arts of reading and teaching literature.

ENPG 880 - (3) (E)
Teaching Composition
A course for college teachers of expository writing that includes the arts of rhetoric, logic, and style with some emphasis on teaching strategies.

ENPG 882 - (2) (SI)
Workshop in Teaching Composition
A seven-week seminar on the arts of teaching, writing, with emphasis on solving problems of assignments, grading papers, management of a class, teaching style, and forms of discourse. Limited to eight graduate instructors; preference is given to candidates for the pedagogy degree.

ENPG 883 - (2) (SI)
Workshop in Teaching Literatures
Designed for graduate instructors teaching ENLT courses, this seminar has three foci: theories of criticism and psycholinguistics which discuss how students read and understand belletristic writing; course objectives, texts, classroom techniques, and assignments; specific issues and problems that arise in the undergraduate classes being taught concurrently by the graduate instructors in the course. Limited enrollment, with preference given to candidates for the pedagogy degree.

ENPG 981 - (3) (SI)
Philosophy of Composition
The linguistic and psychological bases of writing, with consideration of the most appropriate goals in teaching writing and the most efficient means of teaching writing.

Miscellaneous English

ENGL 895 - (3) (Y)
M.A. Thesis Research
A candidate for the M.A. degree in English may choose to undertake a substantial thesis of about 15,000 words under the sponsorship of a member of the graduate faculty in English. Any candidate interested in undertaking such a project for three credits should draw up a detailed proposal, secure the approval of one faculty member willing to serve as supervisor, and present the approved proposal before registration to the Director of Graduate Studies in English. This course may be taken in either the fall or the spring semester; it is not available during the summer session.

ENGL 897 - (3-12) (Y)
Non-Topical Research, Preparation for Research
Students taking this course are expected to make preparations for taking their M.A. oral examination and begin reading for doctoral examinations.

ENGL 993 - (3-12) (Y)
Independent Study
For doctoral candidates preparing for the preliminary oral examination.

ENGL 995 - (3) (Y)
Special Projects in English
Independent study under faculty supervision for a limited number of superior doctoral students who wish to do intensive research on a special subject not covered in the usual courses. Applicants for this course must present a detailed outline of their projects and secure the written permission of their faculty supervisor and the Director of Graduate Studies. Only one such project may be offered for credit for the Ph.D.

ENGL 997 - (3-12) (Y)
Non-Topical Research, Preparation for Doctoral Research
Students taking this course are expected to make preparations for their preliminary qualifying oral examinations for the doctorate.

ENGL 998 - (3) (Y)
Advanced Literary Research
Designed for students who are at or near the beginning of the dissertation writing process. It addresses the problems most often encountered by students as they begin to tackle the dissertation. The bulk of the course is spent evaluating and critiquing drafts of chapters.

ENGL 999 - (3-12) (Y)
Non-Topical Research
For doctoral dissertation, taken under the supervision of a dissertation director.

Continue to: Departmental Degree Requirements
Return to: Chapter 5 Index