6: College of Arts and Sciences

General Information | Academic Information | Departments and Programs | Faculty

Afro-American and African Studies | Anthropology | Archaeology | Art | Asian and Middle Eastern
Asian Studies | Astronomy | Biology | Chemistry | Classics | Cognitive Science | Comparative Literature
Drama | Economics | English | Environmental Sciences | French | German | Government and Foreign Affairs
History | Latin American Studies | Linguistics | Mathematics | Medieval Studies
Middle East Studies | Music | Personal Skills | Philosophy | Physics | Political and Social Thought
Psychology | Religious Studies | Service Physical Education | Slavic | Sociology
Spanish, Italian, and Portuguese | Statistics | University Seminars | Women's Studies

Course Descriptions

General and Theoretical Anthropology
Courses at the 100 and 200 level have no prerequisites and are open to all students. Courses at the 300 level are advanced undergraduate courses and assume that students have already taken ANTH 101 or other relevant 200-level courses. These are general prerequisites and individual professors may consider other courses within or outside the department to be sufficient preparation. Courses at the 500 level have third- or fourth-year status and prior course work in anthropology as a general prerequisite. These courses are designed primarily for majors and graduate students, but are open by permission to other qualified, sufficiently motivated undergraduates.

ANTH 101 - (3) (S)
Introduction to Anthropology

Integrative survey of anthropology, including biological anthropology, archaeology and prehistory, anthropological linguistics, ethnology, social anthropology, and applied anthropology. This course is a prerequisite to all courses in the department beyond the 200 level.

ANTH 101D - (1) (S)
Introduction to Anthropology Discussion

Corequisite: ANTH 101
An optional discussion section which may be taken with ANTH 101. Discussion sections are not always available for every lecture section. Students should consult the Course Offering Directory for sections offered.

ANTH 109 - (3) (Y)
Colloquia for First-Year Students

Colloquium designed to give first-year students an opportunity to study an anthropological topic in depth in a small-scale, seminar format. Topics will vary. May be repeated for credit.

ANTH 300 - (1) (Y)
Perspectives of Anthropology for Majors

A course for majors and minors in the department designed to introduce a number of topics of concern to current anthropology. Majors and minors are expected to take this course at their first opportunity after joining the major program.

ANTH 301 - (3) (Y)
Theory and History of Anthropology

Provides an overview of the major theoretical positions which have structured anthropological thought over the past century.

ANTH 401 - (3) (S)
Senior Seminar in Anthropology

An integration of the major subdivision of anthropology with emphasis on selected theoretical topics and primary sources. Primarily for majors in their final year.

Principles of Sociocultural Analysis

ANTH 220 - (3) (Y)
Dynamics of Social Organization

Emphasizes the social relations of kinship, marriage, formation of intrasocietal groups, and the cultural construction of the self. Explores an underlying but correlative theme: how anthropologists interpret the various social phenomena of different societies.

ANTH 221 - (3) (Y)
Marriage and the Family

Comparison of domestic groups in Western and non-Western societies. Considers the kinds of sexual unions legitimized in different cultures, patterns of childrearing, causes and effects of divorce, and the changing relations between the family and society.

ANTH 223 - (3) (Y)
Fantasy and Social Values

An examination of imaginary societies, in particular those in science fiction novels, to see how they reflect the problems and tensions of real social life. Attention is given to "alternate cultures" and fictional societal models.

ANTH 225 - (3) (Y)
Nationalism, Racism, Culture, Multiculturalism

Introductory course in which the concepts of culture, multiculturalism, race, racism, and nationalism are critically examined in terms of how they are used and structure social relations in American society and, by comparison, how they are defined in other cultures throughout the world.

ANTH 226 - (3) (S)
Poverty and Meritocracy

Provides an anthropological perspective on American ideas about achievement and failure in relation to individualist ideology. Readings include Locke, Rousseau and Tocqueville, ethnographies of non-western alternatives to modern societies, and contemporary readings on poverty, welfare, meritocracy, and social class.

ANTH 227 - (3) (Y)
Race, Gender, and Medical Science

Explores the social and cultural dimensions of biomedical practice and experience in the United States. Focuses on practitioner and patient, asking about the ways in which race, gender, and socio-economic status contour professional identity and socialization, how such factors influence the experience of and course of illness, and how they have shaped the structures and institutions of biomedicine over time.

ANTH 231 - (3) (IR)
Symbol and Myth

Study of the foundations of symbolism from the perspective of anthropology. Topics include signs and symbols, and the symbolism of categorical orders as expressed in cosmology, totemism, and myth.

ANTH 232 - (3) (Y)
Symbol and Ritual

Explores the ways in which rituals and ceremonies of exotic societies may be understood and used to throw light on the cultures that produce them. Topics include rites of passage, sacrifice, totemism, magic, witchcraft, food symbolism, and animal cults.

ANTH 233 - (3) (IR)
Cults and Prophets: Symbols of Social Change

Examines how ideologies can produce violent social change; beginning with nativistic cults in simple societies, and progressing to revolutionary movements in complex societies. Topics include cargo cults, early Christianity, witch cults, and fascism.

ANTH 234 - (3) (IR)
Anthropology of Birth and Death

A comparative examination of beliefs, rites and symbolism concerning birth and death in selected civilizations. No prior knowledge of anthropology expected.

ANTH 235 - (3) (Y)
Introduction to Folklore

Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of instructor
Introduction to the materials and methods of folklore study with emphasis on practical experience in the collection and analysis of folklore.

ANTH 236 - (3) (Y)
Don Juan and Castaneda

An extensive analysis of the conceptual content in Castaneda's writings, as an exploration of an exotic world view. Attention is given to concepts of power, transformation, and figure-ground reversal.

ANTH 237 - (3) (Y)
The Culture of Still Photography

Covers the nature of still photography as a form of communication from its introduction in 1839 to 1940. Four broad topics are examined: the phenomenology of photography--its distinctive character which sets it apart from other graphic media; the history of photography from its very beginning; the use of photography in "viewing" the world; and the development of documentary photography in the first half of the 20th century.

ANTH 320 - (3) (Y)
Marriage, Gender, Political Economy

Cross-cultural comparison of marriage and domestic groups, analyzed as a point of intersection between cultural conceptions of gender and a larger political economy.

ANTH 321 - (3) (IR)
Kinship and Social Organization

Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of instructor
Cross-cultural analysis and comparison of systems of kinship and marriage from Australian aborigines to the citizens of Yankee city. Covers classic and contemporary theoretical and methodological approaches.

ANTH 322 - (3) (IR)
Introduction to Economic Anthropology

Comparative analysis of different forms of production, circulation and consumption in primitive and modern societies. Exploration of the applicability of modern economic theory developed for modern societies to primitive societies and to those societies being forced into the modern world system.

ANTH 323 - (3) (IR)
Introduction to Legal Anthropology

Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of instructor
A comparative survey of the philosophy and practice of law in various societies. Includes a critical analysis of principles of contemporary jurisprudence and their application.

ANTH 325 - (3) (Y)
Anthropological Perspectives on the Third World

Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of instructor
Analysis of western impact on third world societies during the colonial epoch; topics include the nature of colonial regimes, the responses of the subject societies, and their legacy in the modern world.

ANTH 326 - (3) (IR)
The Anthropology of Local Development

Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of instructor
Studies the contributions of anthropology to social problems in complex and developing societies, and problems in the applied anthropology of such issues as social change, hunger, and overpopulation.

ANTH 327 - (3) (Y)
Political Anthropology

Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of instructor
Reviews the variety of political systems found outside the Western world. Examines the major approaches and results of anthropological theory in trying to understand how radically different politics work.

ANTH 329 - (3) (Y)
Marriage, Fertility, and Mortality

Explores the ways that culturally formed systems of values and family organization effect population processes in a variety of cultures.

ANTH 332 - (3) (IR)
Anthropology of Time and Space

Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of instructor
Analysis of the culturally variable structuring of social space including interpersonal proxemics, architectural forms, and the comparative nature of cities.

ANTH 333 - (3) (O)
Ethno-Poetics, Primitive Art, and Aesthetics

Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of instructor
Discussion of artistic expression in pre-modern societies. An attempt to understand the form and meaning of traditional art, poetry, and song in a social context. Specific ethnographic examples are examined in detail.

ANTH 335 - (3) (Y)
Museum in Modern Culture

Topics include the politics of cultural representation in history, anthropology and fine arts museums; and the museum as a bureaucratic organization, as an educational institution, and as a nonprofit corporation.

ANTH 336 - (3) (O)
Life History and Oral History

An introduction to oral history methodology and to life history as a sociocultural document. Readings focus on various uses that have been made of oral history and of life histories. Students conduct interviews and write a life history.

ANTH 360 - (3) (E)
Sex, Gender, and Culture

Examines the manner in which ideas about sexuality and gender are constructed differently cross-culturally, and the ways in which these ideas give shape to specific cultural understandings about the nature of the world and of social relations and practices.

ANTH 361 - (3) (Y)
Native American Women

Explores the lives of Native American women through reading and discussion of life histories, autobiographies, ethnographies, and articles addressing specific questions of the roles and status of women in Native American societies before and after contact with Europeans.

ANTH 520 - (3) (O)
History of Kinship Studies

A critical assessment of major theoretical approaches to the study of kinship and marriage (from the 19th century to the present), and of the central role of kinship studies in the development of anthropological theory.

ANTH 521 - (3)(E)
Reconfiguring Kinship (Studies)

Prerequisite: ANTH 520 or permission of instructor
Examines the ways in which the forms of kinship have been reconfigured in contemporary societies, and the ways in which traditional kinship studies have been reconfigured by their intersection with culture theory, feminist theory, gender studies, postmodern theory, gay and lesbian studies, and cultural studies of science and medicine.

ANTH 522 - (3) (E)
Economic Anthropology

Consideration of western economic theories and their relevance to non-western societies and the comparative analysis of different forms of production, consumption, and circulation.

ANTH 523 - (3) (IR)
Political Systems

Comparative study of decision-making processes and authority structures in selected simple and complex societies. Relationship of political processes to social organization and social change.

ANTH 524 - (3) (IR)
Religious Organization

Analysis and comparison of social organization in selected communities from the perspective of systems of belief, ritual, and ceremonialism.

ANTH 525 - (3) (Y)
The Experience of Illness in American Society

Starting with the basic premise that the experience of illness/disease is at once a biological and cultural condition, the course focuses on narratives of the sick as a lens into the interrelationships between the body and society, medicine and culture. While the point of entry is the individual experience of illness and self in one Western society, the course intends to build a theoretical framework with which we can begin to conceptualize cultural institutional responses to and definitions of disease and ill-health.

ANTH 529 - (3) (Y)
Selected Topics in Social Anthropology

Seminars and classes in topics of specific interest to faculty and advanced students will be announced prior to each semester.

ANTH 530 - (3) (Y)
Foundations of Symbolism

An interdisciplinary course on selected topics in the study of symbolism. Special emphasis on symbolic anthropology.

ANTH 531 - (3) (E)
Feminist Theory in Anthropology

A critical overview of the historical development of the issues central to feminist theory in anthropology and their relation both to specific ethnographic problems and to other theoretical perspectives within and outside.

ANTH 532 - (3) (E)
Structural Anthropology

A detailed examination of the works of Levi-Strauss and other structuralists, an assessment of critical responses to these works, and the relationship of structuralism to other analytic modes. Emphasizes the student's mastery of structural methods and their application to ethnographic data.

ANTH 533 - (3) (E)
Folklore and Ethnohistorical Research Methodology

Prerequisite: Graduate student standing or permission of the instructor Introduction to folklore and to folklore and ethnohistorical research methods and analysis.

ANTH 535 - (3) (E)
Folk and Popular Health Systems

A survey of various medical beliefs and practices, considering the traditional health systems of several American groups, and examining in detail the input into local traditional health systems from various sources.

ANTH 536 - (3) (O)
Selected Topics in Folklore

Seminars and classes in topics of specific interest to faculty and advanced students will be announced prior to each semester.

ANTH 537 - (3) (O)
Psychological Anthropology

An introduction to and survey of the epistemology and methodology of personality theory as they relate to the study of other cultures.

ANTH 539 - (3) (SI)
Selected Topics in Symbolic Anthropology

Seminars and classes in topics of specific interest to faculty and advanced students are announced prior to each semester.

ANTH 571 - (3) (IR)
The Interpretation of Ritual

Prerequisite: Permission of instructor
Begins with an overview of anthropology's approach to ritual during a century of diverse speculation on the nature and origins of religions, with discussion of such figures as James Frazer, A.M. Hocar, Claude Levi-Strauss, Max Gluckman, and Victor Turner. Focuses on an issue selected anew each semester to cater to the research interests of instructor and students, relating that issue to the whole tradition of interpretation of ritual in anthropology. Issues pursued in previous sessions include the nature of sacrifice, the expression of hierarchy in ritual, and the compatibility of historical approaches with ritual analysis.

ANTH 572 - (3) (Y)
Ritual Experience and Healing

Studies the ritual of different cultures, using not only anthropological terms of analysis but also examining the viewpoint of the cultures themselves. Examines changing attitudes in the study of ritual, along with the problem of the wide variability of religious expression. Explores new directions in the anthropology of experience in the light of recent work in healing and spirit possession.

ANTH 577 - (3) (IR)
Critiques of Symbolism

Prerequisite: Permission of instructor
Selected topics in the theories and heuristic bases of cultural meaning or signification, including but not limited to semiotic, psychological, structural or "formal," pragmatic, and religious or "spiritual" approaches.

Linguistic Anthropology

ANTH 240 - (3) (Y)
Language and Culture

Introduction to the interrelationships of linguistics, cultural, and social phenomena with emphasis on the importance of these interrelationships in interpreting human behavior. No prior knowledge of linguistics is required.

ANTH 242 - (3) (O)
Language and Gender

How differences in pronunciation, vocabulary choice, non-verbal communication, and/or communicative style serve as social markers of gender identity and differentiation in Western and non-Western cultures. Includes critical analysis of theory and methodology of social science research on gender and language.

ANTH 341 - (3) (Y)

Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of instructor
Reviews and findings of sociolinguists and others concerning the way language is used to express identity and relations of social superiority and inferiority.

ANTH 345 - (3) (Y)
Native American Languages

Introduction to the native languages of North America and to the methods that linguists and anthropologists use to record and analyze them. Introduces the use of grammars, texts and dictionaries of individual languages and affords insight into the diversity among the languages.

ANTH 540 - (3) (IR)
Introduction to Linguistic Anthropology

Reviews the many ways in which language is central to the theoretical issues and research of anthropology.

ANTH 545 - (3) (IR)
African Linguistics

Introduction to the variety of linguistic structures found in sub-Saharan Africa. Topics include a survey of phonological and grammatical features, the classification of African languages, linguistic evidence for culture history and migration, lexicography, and aspects of socio-linguistics.

ANTH 549 - (Credit to be arranged) (IR)
Selected Topics in Theoretical Linguistics and Linguistic Anthropology

Seminars in topics of specific interest to faculty and advanced students will be announced prior to each semester.

Cultural Diversities

ANTH 253 - (3) (Y)
North American Indians

Ethnological treatment of the aboriginal populations of the New World based on the findings of archaeology, ethnography, linguistics, biological anthropology, and social anthropology.

ANTH 256 - (3) (Y)
African Cultures

A survey of the traditional cultures of Africa focusing on kinship, political organization, religion, food production, and problems of modernization.

ANTH 260 - (3) (Y)
Introduction to Civilization of India

An introduction to the society and culture of India, Pakistan, and Ceylon (Sri Lanka). Discussion of traditional social, political, and economic organization; religions, religious festivals, and worship; art and architecture; dance; and song.

ANTH 266 - (3) (IR)
Peoples of Polynesia

The peoples of Polynesia and Indonesia, sharing a cultural and linguistic heritage, have spread from Madagascar to Easter Island. Examination of their maritime migrations, the societies and empires that they built, and recent changes effecting their cultural traditions.

ANTH 350 - (3) (Y)
Readings in Ethnography

Study of ethnographies, assessing the resources and devices of ethnographic writing through close readings of six or more examples. The ethnographies, for the most part, are concerned with non-Western cultures.

ANTH 352 - (3) (IR)
Amazonian Peoples

Through analysis of ethnographies on the cultures and the societies of the South American rain forest peoples, this course evaluates the scholarly ways in which anthropology has produced, engaged, interpreted, and presented its knowledge of the "Amerindian."

ANTH 354 - (3) (O)
Indians of the American Southwest

Ethnographic coverage of the Apaches, Pueblos, Pimans, and Shoshoneans of Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah, and Northwestern Mexico. Topics include prehistory, socio-cultural patterns, and historical development.

ANTH 355 - (3) (Y)
Anthropology of Everyday American Life

Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of instructor
Provides an anthropological perspective of modern American society. Traces the development of individualism through American historical and institutional development, using as primary sources of data religious movements, mythology as conveyed in historical writings, novels, and the cinema, and the creation of modern American urban life.

ANTH 357 - (3) (Y)
Peoples, Cultures, and Societies of the Caribbean

Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of instructor
Explores the histories and politics that have shaped the nations and dependencies that are geographically and politically defined as Caribbean, including French, English, and Spanish. Takes a regional and a national perspective on the patterns of family and kinship; community and household structures, political economy, ethnicity and ethnic relations; religious and social institutions; and relations between Caribbeans abroad and at home.

ANTH 358 - (3) (IR)
Native American Mythology

Focuses on the myths of Native Americans north of Mexico, and their roles in Native American cultures. Students research and write a paper on the place of mythology in a particular culture, or on the forms and use of a particular type of myth.

ANTH 363 - (3) (E)
Social Structure of China

Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of instructor
Analysis of the structures of small and large social units in traditional China. Units compared include kinship group and village; urban neighborhood and city; family gods, demons and high gods; spirit-mediums and priests; and local leaders and magistrates. Sources are anthropological and historical studies. Post-revolutionary social change is the topic of the last quarter of the course.

ANTH 364 - (3) (E)
Ethnology of Southeast Asia

Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of instructor
Exploration of the ethnology and social anthropology of major cultures and societies of mainland and insular Southeast Asia from prehistoric beginnings to contemporary national adaptations. (Mainland: Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia; Insular: Singapore, Indonesia, Philippines, and portions of other nations abutting the area.)

ANTH 365 - (3) (Y)
Asian American Ethnicity

Problems in ethnicity are posed through study of the experiences of the Chinese, Japanese, Filipinos, Koreans, and Vietnamese in the United States. Topics include the history of immigration, early communities in the U.S., race relations, recent changes in immigration and communities, family values, and questions of identity.

ANTH 366 - (3) (Y)
China: Empire and Nationalities

Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or equivalent, a course in Chinese history, or permission of instructor
Explores the distant and recent history of Han and non-Han nationalities in the Chinese empire and nation-state. Examines the reaction of minority nationalities to Chinese predominance and the bases of Chinese rule and cultural hegemony.

ANTH 534 - (3) (E)
Ethnographies of Illness and the Body

Prerequisites: For undergraduates: ANTH 224, ANTH 360, SOC 428; permission of instructor for graduate students
Focuses on illness because it is often at moments of intense ruptures in the normalcy of the body's functioning that individuals/societies reflect on the taken-for-granted assumptions about self, family community, social and political institutions, the relation between normal and pathological, the roles of healers and patients, life, and death. Writing about illness and the body is a form of therapeutic action. Examines such claims and writings done by those facing bodily distress.

ANTH 553 - (3) (IR)
Selected Topics in Ethnology of Latin America

Seminars in topics announced prior to each semester. Current offerings include:

Ethnology of Highland South America: Analysis of the prehistoric and Spanish colonial roots of modern Indian and Mestizo culture in the Andean highlands; the place of Indian and Mestizo peoples in the changing national social structures--especially of Peru and Bolivia; and nationalism, indigenism, and native cultural traditions.

Ethnology of Lowland South America: Analysis of the prehistoric and Spanish colonial roots of modern Indian Mestizo culture in the lowlands; the place of Indian and Mestizo peoples in the changing national social structures, especially of Brazil; and theoretical and comparative implications of indigenous social systems and beliefs.

ANTH 554 - (3) (IR)
Ethnology of Europe

Analysis of the interrelations and distributions of the ethnic groups of Europe from several perspectives--culture areas, geography, historical movements, political boundaries, population genetics, and language affiliation.

ANTH 555 - (3) (IR)
Selected Topics in Ethnology of Europe

Seminars in topics announced prior to each semester.

ANTH 558 - (3) (IR)
Ethnology of the Middle East

A survey of the recent, traditional, and modern peoples and cultures of the Middle East.

ANTH 559 - (3) (IR)
Selected Topics in Ethnology of the Middle East

Seminars in topics announced prior to each semester.

ANTH 560 - (3) (IR)
Ethnology of South Asia

Study of the forms of social organization and cultures of the Indian subcontinent: family, caste, village, region. Examination of cultural traditions and the processes of modernization.

ANTH 561 - (3) (Y)
Selected Topics in Ethnology of South Asia

Seminars in topics announced prior to each semester.

ANTH 562 - (3) (IR)
Ethnology of East Asia

The ethnology and social anthropology of traditional and modern groups of East Asia.

ANTH 563 - (3) (IR)
Selected Topics in Ethnology of East Asia

Seminars in topics announced prior to each semester.

ANTH 565 - (3) (Y)
Creole Narratives

Prerequisites: ANTH 357 strongly recommended
Study of the 18th, 19th, and 20th century Caribbean intellectual life; Imperialism; Island nationalism; slavery; colonized values; race; class; religion.

ANTH 566 - (3) (IR)
Conquest of the Americas

Exploration of power and personhood specifically related to the Americas. Topics include cultural frontiers; cultures contact; society against the state; shamanism and colonialism; violence; resistance.

ANTH 567 - (3) (IR)
Selected Topics in Ethnology of Oceania

Seminars in topics announced prior to each semester. Current offerings include:

Ethnology of Western Melanesia: A general introduction to the theoretical treatment of selected peoples of the island of New Guinea and the Bismark Archipelago, with emphasis on ideology and symbolism. The ethnology of highland New Guinea is particularly stressed.

ANTH 568 - (3) (IR)
Ethnology of Australia

A general introduction to the theoretical treatment of selected peoples of the northern and central desert regions of Australia, with emphasis on ideology and symbolism. The relationships between social structure (marriage/sections) and ritual life (the "synthesis of country") will be stressed.

ANTH 569 - (3) (IR)
Selected Topics in Ethnology

Seminars and classes in topics of specific interest to faculty and advanced students will be announced prior to each semester.

ANTH 575 - (3) (Y)
Buddhism, Politics and Power

A discussion of the political culture of Buddhist societies of South and Southeast Asia.


ANTH 280 - (3) (Y)
Introduction to Archaeology

Topics include alternative theories of culture change, dating methods, excavation and survey techniques, and the reconstruction of the economy, social organization, and religion of prehistoric and historic societies. Case studies focus on New World cultures.

ANTH 281 - (3) (Y)
Human Origins

Study of the physical and cultural evolution of humans from the initial appearance of hominids to the development of animal and plant domestication in different areas of the world. Topics include the development of biological capabilities such as bipedal walking and speech, the evolution of characteristics of human cultural systems such as economic organization and technology, and explanations for the development of domestication.

ANTH 282 - (3) (Y)
Rise of Civilization

A survey of the patterns in the development of prehistoric civilizations in different areas of the world including the Inca of Peru, the Maya, the Aztec of Mexico, and the ancient Near East.

ANTH 285 - (3) (Y)
American Material Culture

Analysis of patterns of change in American material culture from the seventeenth through the nineteenth centuries. Consideration of how these changes reflect shifts in perception, cognition, and worldview.

ANTH 382 - (3) (Y)
Field Methods in Historical Archaeology

Introduction to the basic field methods used in conducting archaeological investigations of historic sites. Surveying, excavation, mapping, and recording are all treated.

ANTH 383 - (3) (Y)
North American Archaeology

A survey of the prehistoric occupations of several areas of North America with emphasis on the eastern United States, the Plains, California, and the Southwest. Topics include the date of human migration into the New World, the economy and organization of early Paleo-Indian populations, and the evolution of organization and exchange systems.

ANTH 386 - (3) (Y)
Archaeology of Flowerdew Hundred

Study of selected collections from the historical sites identified at Flowerdew Hundred, Virginia. Students conduct an analysis of a single collection within the semester and write reports on the materials analyzed.

ANTH 387 - (3) (IR)
Archaeology of Virginia

Review of the current state of archaeological and ethnohistoric research in Virginia. Particular attention is paid to the history and culture of Native Americans in Virginia from the earliest paleoindian cultures to the period of European colonization.

ANTH 388 - (3) (Y)
African Archaeology

Prerequisite: ANTH 280 or permission of instructor
A survey of transformations in Africa from four million years ago to the present, known chiefly through archaeology, and focusing on Stone and Iron Age societies in the last 150,000 years.

ANTH 389 - (3) (Y)
Southwestern Archaeology

The northern section of the American Southwest offers one of the best contexts for examining the evolution of local and regional organization from the prehistoric to the historic period. Readings and discussion focus on both archaeological and ethnographic studies of the desert (Hohokam), mountain (Mogollon), and plateau (Anasazi/Pueblo) cultures.

ANTH 507 - (3) (Y)
History of Archaeological Thought

A consideration of how archaeological thinking reflects and is related to more general ethnological theory.

ANTH 508 - (3) (Y)
Method and Theory in Archaeology

Intensive investigation of current research in the principles, methods, findings, and analysis of anthropological archaeology.

ANTH 580 - (Credit to be arranged) (SI)
Archaeology Laboratory

Field and laboratory training in the collection, processing, and analysis of archaeological material. Subject matter varies from semester to semester; course may be repeated.

ANTH 581 - (3) (SI)
Archaeology of the Eastern United States

Study of the prehistory of the Eastern United States with special emphasis on cultural development and change. Discussion of archaeological field techniques and methods, and examination of sites in the vicinity of the University.

ANTH 583 - (3) (SI)
Archaeology of the Ancient Near East

A review and analysis of archaeological data used in the reconstruction of ancient Near Eastern societies.

ANTH 584 - (3) (SI)
Archaeology of Complex Societies

Analysis of archaeological approaches to the study of complex societies using case studies from both the Old and New Worlds.

ANTH 585 - (3) (SI)
Archaeological Approaches to Economy and Exchange

Analysis of archaeological approaches to systems of production, exchange and consumption. Discussion of data from both Old and New Worlds.

ANTH 586 - (3) (SI)
Ceramics, Style and Society

Exploration of theoretical and methodological issues in the archaeological study of ceramics. Topics include ceramic and exchange, and the uses of ceramics in the study of social interactions.

ANTH 587 - (3) (SI)

Laboratory training in the techniques and methods used in the analysis of animal bone recovered from archaeological sites. Topics include field collection, data analysis, and the use of zooarchaeological materials in the reconstruction of economic and social systems.

ANTH 588 - (3) (SI)
Analytical Methods in Archaeology

Prerequisite: An introductory course in statistics Study of the quantitative analytical techniques used in archaeology. Topics include seriation, regression analysis, measures of diversity, and classification.

ANTH 589 - (3) (Y)
Selected Topics in Archaeology

Seminars in topics of specific interest to faculty and advanced students will be announced prior to each semester.

ANTH 590 - (3) (E)
Issues in Archaeological Analysis

Prerequisites: ANTH 588 or a basic statistics course Archaeological databases often violate many of the assumptions made in application of parametric statistics. Reviews the unique characteristics of those databases and explores alternative analytical methods. Case studies are emphasized.

ANTH 591 - (3) (IR)
Gender in Archaeology

Exploration of the range of case studies and theoretical literature associated with the emergence of gender as a framework for research in archaeology.

Independent Study and Research

ANTH 496 - (Credit to be arranged) (SI)
Independent Study in Anthropology

Independent study conducted by the student under the supervision of an instructor of their choice.

ANTH 497 - (3) (Y)
Distinguished Majors Thesis Research

Prerequisite: Admission to the Distinguished Majors Program in Anthropology
Independent research, under the supervision of the faculty DMP thesis readers, toward the DMP thesis.

ANTH 498 - (3) (Y)
Distinguished Majors Thesis Writing

Prerequisite: ANTH 497
Writing of a thesis of approximately 50 pages, under the supervision of the faculty DMP thesis readers.

Continue to: Program in Archaeology
Return to: Chapter 6 Index