The Participant Summary section assembles all of the created Participant Groups and combines the number of participants provided in each group into a grand total. In addition it provides an opportunity to highlight the experience of the principal investigator and the research team (where applicable), as well as describe the relationship that the principal investigator and any other individuals associated with the study have with the participants.
Providing consent free of coercion is a central tenant of the ethical foundation for human subjects research. Even though a researcher may assure a participant that they can participate without pressure, simply being a subordinate of the researcher may make the participant feel compelled to participate. The IRB-SBS will want to know if anyone on the research team holds any authority over their participants or if there is any other type of relationship between participants and researchers. Being in a position of authority doesn’t necessarily preclude a researcher from including a participant, but the IRB-SBS may require specific steps be put in place to create layers of separation between the researcher and participant.
In addition, the final question asks about financial relationships. It is important for the IRB-SBS to understand any relevant financial relationships that may create a conflict of interest for researchers.